A World History of Nineteenth Century Archaeology( Free PDF )

Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past (Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology )


  • Summary list
  • List of cards
  • Alternative history of archeology in the nineteenth century
  • Political prestige in antiquity and early modern times
  • Archeology of the French Revolution the Discovery of and the Independence Revolution of the 1820s: Early Independence in Greece and Latin America
  • THE EXTRAORDINARY ARCHEOLOGY OF FREEDOM European Imperialism and the Ottoman Empire: Connecting the Roots of Western Mythology
  • Bible excavation o Extra-European Imperialism: An Exploration of the great cultures of South America, China and Japan COLONIES
  • Colonialism and built archeology in South and Southeast Asia
  • Ancient and Islamic history in colonial archaeology: Russian Empire and French North Africa
  • Colonialism and primitive archeology
  • Early discovery of national history in Europe (1789-1820)
  • Archeology and the Liberal Revolution (c. 1820-1860): Nation, race and language in European historical studies
  • Evolution and positivism (ca. 1860-1900)
  • Results
  • Map or See
  • Directory


When I organized a one-day conference on ‘Nationalism and Archaeology’ at the London School of Economics in 1999, I thought I should write a summary inspired by the famous sociologist of nationalism, Anthony Smith. I wasn’t new to this topic at that time. Over the years I have contributed to lively debates about the importance of understanding the political context of mining development. This reflected an internal view of the history of archaeology that focused on the development of ancient ideas with little or no regard for sociopolitical and economic underpinnings. As part of this argument, I turn to the literature on patriotism (Dı’az-Andreu & Nyampinga 1996b; Dı’az-Andreu & Smith 2001) and university women (Dı’az-Andreu & Sørensen 1998b), and even more so on labor. forces. It relates to the mining industry of certain countries, Spain and to a lesser extent the United Kingdom.

At the 1999 meeting it was clear that our understanding did not equate to the progress of discovery outside Europe. There was a failure to understand how imperialism and colonialism affected archaeology in the colonies, even in the anti-colonial regions of the world such as China and Japan. Here too, research on the development of professional archaeology as a hegemonic discourse has not been linked to whether it was contested by a minority of archaeologists and by the community as a whole, and whether alternative explanations were found. Such research was concentrated and short-lived from the late nineteenth century onwards, but the literature on the impact of the rise of nationalism in the late eighteenth and early twentieth centuries, a subject analyzed by minor art historians, was neglected by archaeologists.

The organization of a joint meeting of archaeologists, sociologists and demonstrated the potential of prow excavations drawing on the insights of other social sciences, such as history, sociology, art history, history of science and research literature.

I have been working on issues related to this book for over ten years. This required me to do a lot of reading and I needed time to re-evaluate the unknown connections between different parts of the world. This does not mean that all people who have worked in the field of archeology anywhere in the world are mentioned here. This cannot be done alone; it can be done in different ways. My main goal in this book was to cover the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, but I realized that I could not cover all the topics in a single book. However, the chapters on twentieth-century discoveries have already been written and it is hoped that they will form part of a future volume which will require a full effort to complete. This is a synthesis process. But this is a deeper study than previously thought. A total of studies was carried out for this project, based on three main types of reading. First, I researched a short selection of contemporary writings by ancients, archaeologists, and other scientists and thinkers. Second, this book draws heavily on historical analysis of science by anthropologists, historians, and philologists. Finally, and most importantly, I have done a lot of research on the history of archeology in many languages, including English, German (as my language skills allow) and several Romance languages ​​(French, Italian and Spanish). This has helped me a lot in my work and I hope it is well reflected in the bibliography at the end of the book. However, I cannot claim to have read all the textbooks. I was surprised by my limited knowledge of many languages ​​in the world, where there is undoubtedly a lot of interesting information available.

Although I am solely responsible for the text, I would like to express my gratitude to my company and colleagues for their great support. A small but very useful Dean’s Fund in the summer of 2004 made it easier for me to use the British Library to find information that would otherwise be hard to find. A generous grant from the AHRC provided me with additional research time from October to December 2004, as well as two sabbaticals from university. This enabled me to have a good first draft of the audio ready when I returned to my commitments. My departmental research committee also provided financial support to pay for the English translation of the initial text, and to help reduce my administrative commitments when the book needed to be revised in the summer of 2006, based on reader feedback. For a native English speaker, the successful completion of the project required a team of English writers: many thanks to Anwen Cavell, Gary Campbell, Jaime Jennings, Anne O’Connor, Megan Price, Kate Sharpe and Angel Smith. I am also grateful to the many people who helped write this project over the years. I owe my deepest gratitude to Suzanne Marchand and two other anonymous readers at Oxford University Press who provided insightful critiques of my article. My response to their many comments improved the quality of the book. The following scholars commented and shared information after reading one or more chapters: Nadia Erzini, Anna Leone and Stephen Vernoit on North African Archaeological History, Daniel Shavelson on South America, Jarl Nordbladh on the Beginning of Nineteenth-Century European Exploration, Rasmi Shoocongdej on Siam ( Thailand), Neil Silberman on Biblical studies, Gina Barnes and Lothar von Fankhauser on East Asia, Daniel Saunders on Russian Empire, Charles Higham on Southeast Asia, by Dilip Chakra-barti and Sudeshna

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