Biblical Archaeology ( Free PDF )


  • Example list
  • Introduction
  • Part I Evolution of the field
  • Nineteenth century: first explorers
  • Before the Great War: From Theology to Stratigraphy
  • Time period: square holes are equal
  • After 1948: Biblical Truth and Patriotism
  • Beyond the Six-Day War: research and new strategies
  • 1990 and beyond: from nihilism to the present
  • Part II Archeology and the Bible
  • From Noah and the Flood to Joshua and the Israelites
  • From David and Solomon to Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians
  • From the silver amulet scroll to the Dead Sea Scroll
  • From Herod the Great to Jesus of Nazareth
  • From the Boat of Galilee to the Mosaic Prison of Megiddo
  • Funny fake or good fake?
  • Epilogue
  • Description
  • Continue reading
  • Phone book


The beginning of Bible studies is where we are today, and public interest is high. Millions of people watch television for the Exodus, the Ark of the Covenant, and the so-called Lost Tomb of Jesus. Major publishers published competing Bible books, and the popular journal Biblical Archeology Review gained a wide readership. And every year at Passover, Charlton Heston appears on television as Moses in Cecil B. DeMille’s classic film The Ten Commandments, raising his hands to part the waters of the Red Sea so the Hebrews can cross safely.

Biblical Archeology is one of the most important archaeological sites in Syria and Palestine; It covers the entire area surrounded by modern Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. In concrete terms, it describes the stories, commentaries, and dialogues in the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament, dating back to B.C. From the beginning of the 2nd century, from the time of Abraham and the Patriarchs, B.C. First century BC.

Although biblical archaeologists began excavating the Holy Land more than a century ago (with the Bible in one hand and the Bible in the other), big questions remain.

remains unanswered, including the question of whether the exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt and the reigns of David and Solomon actually occurred. Other outstanding questions include the details of daily life in the divided kingdom after Solomon’s time and the distinction between Canaanite culture and Israelite material culture in the early Iron Age.

Most biblical archaeologists do not attempt to prove or disprove the contents of the Hebrew Bible or the New Testament through excavations. Instead, they study the culture of the country and the times mentioned in the Bible, as well as the people, places, and events mentioned in those ancient texts, to experience and reconstruct the culture and history of the region. This is especially evident in the excavations of the New Testament; Excavations of cities such as Caesarea, Capernaum and Sephora’s shed light on the social, religious and geographical conditions before, during and after the time of Jesus. However, Biblical archeology has generally uncovered valuable information that can be associated with stories in the Hebrew Bible rather than the New Testament. There are many reasons for this difference. The events described in the Hebrew Bible took place over a much longer period of time than those described in the New Testament, centuries rather than nearly two hundred years. Moreover, the stories and events described in the Hebrew Bible took place over a period of years, much larger than the New Testament. While the Middle East and North Africa all offer interpretations of the Hebrew stories, early Christian drama took place mainly in Syria-Palestine and, to a lesser extent, in Greece and Italy.

For these two reasons, relating to space and time, there are more places to find archaeological finds in the Old Testament than in the New Testament. Perhaps equally important, the Hebrew Bible often describes events such as war and destruction and strong buildings as buildings made of stone and scriptures. This leaves physical artifacts that tend to last a long time, while New Testament stories often contain phrases and ideas with deep meaning for life, but leave little physical artifacts to be discovered and excavated. However, ancient Bible history has provided excellent information about both the Hebrew and Christian Bibles and the relationship between the two (see Table 1, page 6). For many scholars, the Bible is an important source of information that helps explain ancient life and events. Leaving aside the evidence of religion and the issue of historical accuracy, there is no doubt that the Bible is a very important historical document. It is an ancient source that often contains many descriptions and descriptions of the Holy Land in ancient times. Syro-Palestine is a resource that can be carefully used by Egyptian, Neo-Assyrian or Neo-Assyrian archaeologists to shed light on the ancient world. The Neo-Babylonian text of covers the same period. I compare the use of ancient sources by biblical archaeologists with the work of ancient archaeologists who studied the writings of people living in ancient Greece and Italy.

New World archaeologists can now read records of pre-Columbian people in the Americas. While archaeologists sometimes compare the writings of the first book with Greek and Roman texts to discuss issues such as the nature of Pericles’ building program or the plague that struck Athens in 430 BC, Bronze Age scholars would err on the side of caution. Use Homeric texts. Similarly, archaeologists often refer to the Bible to discuss issues related to David, Solomon, the Divided Kingdom, and so on, and carefully compare their own history with the biblical account.

But what was previously unknown, whether in the Bible, Egypt, Neo-Assyria, or Neo-Babylonia, is the truth of the story. This topic is not unique to biblical scholarship, as there are many differences in ancient Greek and Roman interpretations found in the writings of Homer, Herod, Thucydides, Greek playwrights, Roman writers, and Roman writers. As ancient scholars would readily admit, some texts are more accurate than others. Not all data can be used to determine the information obtained from excavations in the Aegean and Western Mediterranean.

The interest of professional biblical archaeologists and the informed public lies in the question of the history of the text, for it is mostly the questions of the Bible – promoting the birth of the elder – that continue to interest the public. . . Did Joshua conquer Jericho? Was a man named Abraham lost in Mesopotamia on his way to Canaan? Aren’t David and Solomon two people?

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