Bridge Design to Eurocodes (Free PDF)


  • Overview of Eurocode application and planning
  • UK Application of Eurocode for Bridge Design – Overview
  • Application of Eurocode – European standard
  • Implementation of Eurocode by the Highway Agency
  • Basic guidelines for the application of Eurocode
  • Application of Eurocode railways
  • Early use of Eurocode in bridge design in Britain
  • EN 1990 Basic design Understanding the basic concepts of EN 1990
  • UK Development NA to Annex A2 of EN 1990
  • Determination of requirements for railway bridges in Annex A2 of BS EN 1990:2002
  • Application of EN 1991 and Design of EN 1998
  • Requirements for bridge design in EN 1991 and EN 1998 summary of applications
  • J. Lane, E. Booth, D. Cooper, T. Harris, H. Gulvanessian
  • British Annex to BS EN 1991-1-4, BS EN 1991-1-5 and PD 6688-1-4
  • UK NA bridge designs conforming to EN 1991-1-7 and PD 6688-1-7
  • UK Regulations for EN 1991-22 for roads and bridges None
  • Provisions of the British National Annex to EN 1991-2 for railway bridges
  • Overview of seismic design and development in Great Britain according to EN 1998-2 and PD 6698o EN 1990 and EN 1991 – Application documents: understanding coordination
  • EN 1992 Concrete
  • VK NA according to EN 1992-22
  • EN 1992-2: PD 6687-2: Recommendations for the design of concrete bridges Diagram of the eruption period Sheet material diagram in biaxial form
  • Identify real bridges Drawing – Drawing of a bridge
  • EN 1993 Steel
  • EN 1993: Summary of research on steel bridges according to EN 1993
  • C. Hendy, P. Jackson, D. MacKenzie, S. Chakrabarti
  • British National Supplement to BS EN 1993-2, BS EN 1993-1-11 and
  • BS EN 1993-1-12
  • EN 1993-1-5: UK NA for EN 1993-1-5
  • EN 1993-2: PD 6695-2: Recommendations for the design of steel bridges
  • British Annex to BS EN 1993-1-9:2005 and PD 6695-1-9:2008
  • British Annex to BS EN 1993-1-10:2005 and PD 6695-1-10:2009o EN 1993 Application document: Analysis of steel bridges


In April 2010 Eurocode became the standard for bridge design in Great Britain. A lot of work has been done over the last two decades to prepare for implementation. To support the transition to Eurocode, we aim to make important historical and explanatory information available to the public and to this end we invited the UK’s leading technical experts to prepare and present papers at a two-day event held at the Institution of Civil Engineers. (ICE) London in November 2010.This important conference provided an original history of the implementation of the Eurocode for bridge design in Great Britain, allowing engineers to understand the technical decisions taken in the development of the National Annex and additional information resources. Additionally, documents from major customer organizations describe implementation strategies. The specifications of the European model are followed and copies are offered. On behalf of the Technical and Organizing Committee, I would like to express my gratitude to all the authors who contributed to this wonderful work. I am fortunate that we have been able to bring together such a strong and strong team who are at the forefront of the development and implementation of Eurocode in Britain. I hope you will find these practices a valuable resource and that they will fulfill our ambition to be the most appropriate and sustainable application of the Eurocode for bridge design in the UK.Dr. Steve Denton Chairman, Technical and Management Committee, Bridge Design for Eurocode – UK Application, ICE, London, November 2010Construction Manager, Parsons Brinckerhoff Visiting Professor, University of Bath Connector, CEN/TC 250 – Horizontal group, bridge The implementation of Eurocode was recognized by the Institution of Structural Engineers [1] as “the biggest change in structural design that has ever occurred in the UK”. With the withdrawal of all conflicting British Standards by the BSi at the end of March 2010, the Eurocode has now become the standard structural code of the United Kingdom. Much work has been done over the last two decades to prepare for its implementation in Britain. A summary of this is shown. The focus here is on work to support the implementation of the Eurocode in bridge design. The Bridge design is expected to be at the forefront of the transition to Eurocode due to the requirements of the Public Procurement Directive (PPD), in particular the European Union Directive 2004/18/EC, which relates to the procurement of services provided. by the ‘institution’. European Union Directive 2004/17/EC on the tendering of works awarded by public authorities, local authorities and other public bodies and companies operating in the water, energy, transport and postal sectors.

General Agreement Regulations 2006 implemented these EU regulations. As with most bridge design projects in the UK, scope is provided for the preparation of technical specifications for projects subject to these PPD requirements. National standards that align with European standards are the most popular. Eurocode falls into this category, and major customer organizations now recommend the use of Eurocode in all new bridge procurement projects [2], [3], [4].

The general framework of national activities supporting the implementation of the Eurocode for bridge design is shown in Figure 1. This framework consists of: Development of a complete package of European standards for construction, including the Eurocode and national annexes, products and standards.; producing and publishing conflicting information; customer implementation strategies; and comprehensive career support programs. Each of these is discussed in this document.

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